On this day, November 20, the Cuban Missile Crisis ends. The Soviet Union agreed to remove its missiles from Cuba. The then United States President John F. Kennedy, ends the quarantine of the Caribbean nation.
The Cuban Missile Crisis (October 14, 1962 – October 28, 1962) was a major confrontation between the United States of America and the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Fidel Castro, the then Prime Minister of Cuba, made an alliance with the communist Soviets and began the installation of nuclear missiles in his country. President John F. Kennedy placed Cuba under quarantine. However, Nikita Khrushchev, leader of the Soviet Union warned Kennedy that they could see the it as an act of war.
After a long period of tense negotiation, an agreement was established between President Kennedy and Khrushchev that resulted to the removal of Soviet missiles from Cuba, and the removal of nuclear missiles of the United States from Italy and Turkey. An agreement between the United States and the Soviet Union was also signed that they will never invade Cuba without any direct provocation. As a result, the Moscow-Washington nuclear hotline was established between the United States and the Soviet Union.