Antarctica, the fifth largest continent covers 14 million square kilometers. It is situated almost entirely within the Arctic Circle, which means that temperatures are consistently below zero the majority of the year.
Interesting Facts About Antarctica
- Antarctica is the largest dessert in the world by area.
- Antarctica’s Internet Top Level Domain is .aq. It is reserved for organizations that conduct work in Antarctica or promote the Antarctic and Southern Ocean regions. It is administered by Peter Mott of Mott and Associates of Auckland, New Zealand.
- The population of Antarctica is 1,106 and most of the people are scientists and researchers.
- Seven sovereign states maintain a territorial claim on eight territories in Antarctica.
- Antarctica is noted as the last region on Earth in recorded history to be discovered and colonized by humans, unsighted until 1820.
- More than 170 million years ago, Antarctica was part of the supercontinent Gondwana. Over time, Gondwana gradually broke apart and Antarctica as we know it today was formed around 25 million years ago. Antarctica was not always cold, dry, and covered in ice sheets. At a number of points in its long history, it was farther north, experienced a tropical or temperate climate, was covered in forests, and inhabited by various ancient life forms.
- For anyone planning to fly to/ from Antarctica, the town of Punta Arenas in southern Chile is the main departure point for all: Charter flights to King George Island, South Shetland Islands. This is the only commercial airfield servicing the Antarctic Peninsula for visitors.
- Some parts of Antarctica have had no rains or snow for the last 2 million years.
- Antarctica is 1.3 times as large as Europe.
- Antarctica is the only continent without living reptiles.