Jamalul Kiram II, is the last sovereign of the Sultanate of Sulu.
He was Raja Muda (Crown Prince) Amirul Kiram and said to have “fought and suffered so long for the throne of his father and brother, succeeded Sultan Harun al-Rashid and assumed the name of Sultan Jamalul Kiram II.”
He was proclaimed Sultan of Sulu by his followers in 1884 as the son of the 29th Sultan Jamal ul-Azam. According to some sources, his real name was Amirul Kiram Awal II.
The Spaniards were led eventually to deal with Jamalul Kiram II as the Sultan of Sulu in spite of his repeated refusal to go to Manila on a state visit.
In 1915, Sultan Jamalul Kiram II virtually surrendered his political powers to the United States government under the 1915 Carpenter Agreement.
Sultan Jamalul Kiram II died on June 7, 1936, without leaving any son nor heir. Although he had seven daughters, no woman could be appointed as heir or successor according to Islamic law.